L Vanhees, K.U. Leuven
J De Sutter, AZ Maria-Middelares Hospital, Gent
N Geladas, Univeristy of Athens
Frank Doyle, Royal College of Surgeons in IrelandFollow
E Prescott, Bispebjerg University Hospital, Copenhagen
V Cornelissen, K.U.Leuven
E Kouidi, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
D Dugmore, Wellness International Medical Centre, UK
D Vanuzzo, Cardiovascular Prevention Centre, Italy
M Borjesson, Sahlgrenska University Hospital/Ostra
P Doherty, York St John University, UK
O Ellingsen, Norwegian University of Science and Technology
S Mazic, University of Belgrade
S Adamopoulos, Onassis Cardiac Surgery Center, Athens
B Bjarnason-Wehrens, Deutsche Sporthochschule Koln
H H. Bjornstadt, Nordland hospital, Bodo
A Cohen-Solal, Denis Diderot University, Paris
V Conraads, Antwerp University Hospital
D Corrado, University of Padova, Padua
R Fagard, K.U. Leuven
F Giada, PF Calvi Hospital, Venice
S Gielen, University Hospital, Leipzig
A Hager, Technische Universitat Munchen
M Halle, Technische Universitaet Muenchen
D Hansen, Jessa Hospital, Belgium
H Heidbuchel, University Hospital Gasthuisberg
A Jegier, Medical University of Lodz
Hannah McGee, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
K P. Mellwig, Ruhr Universitat Bochum
M Mendes, Hospital Santa Cruz, Portugal
A Mezzani, Veruno Scientific Institute, Italy
J Niebauer, Paracelsus Medical University, Austria
N Pattyn, K.U. Leuven
A Pelliccia, Italian National Olympic Committee
M Piepoli, Guglielmo da Saliceto Hospital, Italy
B Rauch, Centrum for Ambulatory Cardiac and Angiologic Rehabilitation, Germany
Z Reiner, University Hospital Center Zagreb
A Schmidt-Trucksass, University of Basel
T Takken, University Medical Center Utrecht
F van Buuren, Ruhr Universitat Bochum

Peer Reviewed


Document Type


Publication Date



cardiovascular health, physical activity, exercise, primary prevention


Over the last decades, more and more evidence is accumulated that physical activity (PA) and exercise interventions are essential components in primary and secondary prevention for cardiovascular disease. However, it is less clear whether and which type of PA and exercise intervention (aerobic exercise, dynamic resistive exercise, or both) or characteristic of exercise (frequency, intensity, time or duration, and volume) would yield more benefit in achieving cardiovascular health. The present paper, as the first of a series of three, will make specific recommendations on the importance of these characteristics for cardiovascular health in the population at large. The guidance offered in this series of papers is aimed at medical doctors, health practitioners, kinesiologists, physiotherapists and exercise physiologists, politicians, public health policy makers, and the individual member of the public. Based on previous and the current literature, recommendations from the European Association on Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation are formulated regarding type, volume, and intensity of PA and exercise.




Vanhees L, De Sutter J, Geladas N, Doyle F, Prescott E, Cornelissen V, Kouidi E, Dugmore D, Vanuzzo D, Borjesson M, Doherty P, Ellingsen O, Mazic S, Adamopoulos S, Bjarnason-Wehrens B, Bjornstadt HH, Cohen-Solal A, Conraads V, Corrado D, Fagard R, Giada F, Gielen S, Hager A, Halle M, Hansen D, Heidbuchel H, Jegier A, McGee H, Mellwig KP, Mendes M, Mezzani A, Niebauer J, Pattyn N, Pelliccia A, Piepoli M, Rauch B, Reiner Z, Schmidt-Trucksass A, Takken T, van Buuren F. European Journal of Preventive Cardiology. Published online before print January 20, 2012.

DOI Link


Included in

Psychology Commons