Gender differences in the presentation and management of acute coronary syndromes: a national sample of 1365 admissions.
Document Type Article
This article is available at http://journals.lww.com/ejcpr. The repository version is not the final published version.
BACKGROUND: Gender differences in presentation and management of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) are well established internationally. This study investigated differences in a national Irish sample. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. METHODS: All centres (n=39) admitting cardiac patients to intensive/coronary care provided information on 25 consecutive acute myocardial infarction patients and other ACS patients admitted concurrently (n=1365 episodes). Patient data was analyzed in terms of those with prior ACS/revascularization, and those without. RESULTS: Men with prior established ACS/revascularization were twice as likely to have received revascularization procedures (coronary artery bypass graft or percutaneous coronary intervention) prior to admission when controlling for age, total cholesterol and insurance status [odds ratio (OR) 1.97, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.18-3.29, P=0.011]. No gender differences were seen in acute-phase reperfusion (OR 0.96, 95% CI 0.76-1.24, P>0.05) or antiplatelet therapy (OR 0.99, 95% CI 0.69-1.41, P>0.05). For patients with prior ACS/revascularization, men were twice as likely to receive statins on discharge after adjustment for age and total cholesterol (OR 1.94, 95% CI 1.02-3.71, P=0.045). CONCLUSIONS: Women were treated differently to men. Fewer women with a positive history of ACS received revascularization prior to current admission and fewer women were prescribed lipid-lowering medications on discharge. Acute phase hospital treatment was not gender determined. These findings have implications for secondary prevention in Ireland.