Anti-epileptic drug, chemoconvulsant, epileptogenesis, hippocampal sclerosis, noncoding RNA, status epilepticus, temporal lobe epilepsy.
Health Research Board Ireland. Science Foundation Ireland. Brazilian National Council for Scientific and Technological Development. Irish Research Council. European Union Seventh Framework Programme.
Current anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) act on a limited set of neuronal targets, are ineffective in a third of patients with epilepsy, and do not show disease-modifying properties. MicroRNAs are small noncoding RNAs that regulate levels of proteins by post-transcriptional control of mRNA stability and translation. MicroRNA-134 is involved in controlling neuronal microstructure and brain excitability and previous studies showed that intracerebroventricular injections of locked nucleic acid (LNA), cholesterol-tagged antagomirs targeting microRNA-134 (Ant-134) reduced evoked and spontaneous seizures in mouse models of status epilepticus. Translation of these findings would benefit from evidence of efficacy in non-status epilepticus models and validation in another species. Here, we report that electrographic seizures and convulsive behavior are strongly reduced in adult mice pre-treated with Ant-134 in the pentylenetetrazol model. Pre-treatment with Ant-134 did not affect the severity of status epilepticus induced by perforant pathway stimulation in adult rats, a toxin-free model of acquired epilepsy. Nevertheless, Ant-134 post-treatment reduced the number of rats developing spontaneous seizures by 86% in the perforant pathway stimulation model and Ant-134 delayed epileptiform activity in a rat ex vivo hippocampal slice model. The potent anticonvulsant effects of Ant-134 in multiple models may encourage pre-clinical development of this approach to epilepsy therapy.
Physics | Physiology
Reschke CR, Silva LF, Norwood BA, Senthilkumar K, Morris G, Sanz-Rodriguez A, Conroy RM, Costard L, Neubert V, Bauer S, Farrell MA, O'Brien DF, Delanty N, Schorge S, Pasterkamp RJ, Rosenow F, Henshall DC. Potent Anti-seizure Effects of Locked Nucleic Acid Antagomirs Targeting miR-134 in Multiple Mouse and Rat Models of Epilepsy. Molecular Therapy Nucleic Acids. 2017;6:45-5
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