Peer Reviewed

1

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2-2016

Keywords

microRNA, long noncoding RNA, biomarker, profiling, lung disease

Funder/Sponsor

Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland Seed Fund

Comments

The Version of Scholarly Record of this Article is published in Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics 2016, available online at: http://www.tandfonline.com/ DOI: 10.1586/14737159.2016.1122526

Abstract

In respiratory medicine there is a need for clinical biomarkers for diagnosis, prognosis and assessment of response to therapy. Noncoding RNA (ncRNA) is expressed in all human cells; two major classes - long ncRNA and microRNA - are detectable extracellularly in the circulation and other biofluids. Altered ncRNA expression is associated with lung disease; collectively this indicates that ncRNA represents a potential biomarker class. This article presents and compares existing platforms for detection and quantification of ncRNA, specifically hybridization, qRT-PCR and RNA sequencing, and outlines methods for data interpretation and normalization. Each approach has merits and shortcomings, which can affect the choice of method when embarking on a biomarker study. Biomarker properties and pre-analytical considerations for ncRNA profiling are also presented. Since a variety of profiling approaches are available, careful study and experimental design are important. Finally, challenges and goals for reliable, standardized high-throughput ncRNA profiling in biofluids as lung disease biomarkers are reviewed.

Citation

McKiernan PJ, Greene CM. High-throughput profiling for discovery of non-coding RNA biomarkers of lung disease. Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics. 2016;16(2):173-85

PubMed ID

26581119

DOI Link

10.1586/14737159.2016.1122526

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 4.0 License.

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