Peer Reviewed

1

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-8-2010

Keywords

Animals, Bioreactors, Bone and Bones, Cell Culture Techniques, Cell Differentiation, Chondrocytes, Computer Simulation, Fibroblasts, Hardness, Hardness Tests, Humans, Models, Biological, Osteoblasts, Osteogenesis, Rats, Tissue Engineering, Tissue Scaffolds

Comments

The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com

Abstract

Scaffold design remains a main challenge in tissue engineering due to the large number of requirements that need to be met in order to create functional tissues in vivo. Computer simulations of tissue differentiation within scaffolds could serve as a powerful tool in elucidating the design requirements for scaffolds in tissue engineering. In this study, a lattice-based model of a 3D porous scaffold construct derived from micro CT and a mechano-biological simulation of a bone chamber experiment were combined to investigate the effect of scaffold stiffness on tissue differentiation inside the chamber. The results indicate that higher scaffold stiffness, holding pore structure constant, enhances bone formation. This study demonstrates that a lattice approach is very suitable for modelling scaffolds in mechano-biological simulations, since it can accurately represent the micro-porous geometries of scaffolds in a 3D environment and reduce computational costs at the same time.

Disciplines

Anatomy

Citation

Khayyeri H, Checa S, Tägil M, O'Brien FJ, Prendergast PJ. Tissue differentiation in an in vivo bioreactor: in silico investigations of scaffold stiffness. Journal of Materials Science Materials in Medicine. 2010;21(8):2331-6.

PubMed ID

20037774

DOI Link

10.1007/s10856-009-3973-0

Included in

Anatomy Commons

Share

COinS